This is a medium-haul passenger aircraft developed by the American company McDonnell Douglas. To develop the MD-83 McDonnell Douglas company started in January 1983. From the previous versions it differs in increased takeoff weight and greater fuel capacity which required strengthening the wing and fuselage skin, installing new landing gear and gain longitudinal beams cabin floor. The first aircraft’s flight tests began December 17, 1984 and in November was the first aircraft delivered. Originally supplied with aircraft takeoff weight of 67.8 tons, and later on was certified with a takeoff weight of 72.6 tons
The aircraft is equipped with a conventional avionics electromechanical means meter.